WordPress Custom Fields Outside The Loop

Wordpress allows post authors to add "custom fields" to blog posts. What this is and how this can be used "outside the loop" is the topic of this article.

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WordPress Custom Fields

WordPress has the ability to allow post authors to assign custom fields to a post. WordPress codex refers to this feature as “meta-data”. For example, this meta-data can include bits of information such as:

Mood: Happy
Listening To: Jazz

To explain it in plain words, everything in WordPress (as it is on the Internet, and programming in general) comes in key/value pairs. For example, the title of this post is the “key” and the value of this “key” is “WordPress Custom Fields Outside The Loop” – exactly what you see at the top of this article. The “key” can take multiple values, e.g., the key “categories” can take multiple values, like “Business, Education, Internet” etc. In actual fact, the key “posts” holds multiple values – all posts in the blog! To display multiple values, we need to use a loop – in other words, go through the list of values and display them one by one.

WordPress custom fields feature enables you to add an extra key/value pair to each blog post. For example, each blog post can have the title, body, tags, categories and a number of custom fields as discribed above (Mood, Listening To, which you will need to pre-fill with each new blog post).

WordPress: The Loop

The custom field display of value needs to be placed inside “the loop” in the WordPress template, since it needs to know what blog post it belongs to. For example, each blog post page displays the title, blog body, tags and custom field for the particular blog message. The WordPress Loop is discribed in the Codex.

Displaying Custom Fields Outside The Loop

There are times, however, when you need to display custom fields outside the loop, e.g., in the footer of the blog post. Displaying custom fields outside the loop will allow you, for example, to have a different footer for each blog post. To achieve, this two things need to be done.

1. Edit the blog post template (e.g., single.php) to make post ID available outside the loop. Find the line

<?php if (have_posts()) : while (have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>

and add the following code just below it:

<?php $GLOBALS['current_id'] = $post->ID; ?>

2. Use this code to display your custom field outside the loop, e.g., in the footer.php

<?php echo get_post_meta($GLOBALS['current_id'], "custom-field-name", true); ?>

That’s it! Now, when editing a blog post, add a custom field with “custom-field-name” and it will display wherever you put that second bit of code.

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The review "WordPress Custom Fields Outside The Loop" was last updated on 18/04/2015.

  • ionel

    Thanks for this code. i want to display Custom Fields Outside The Loop, for exemple in this plugin (igit related posts wordpress plugin). I want to disply the custom field after the image generated by this plugin. Can You help me ?

  • Puneet

    You saved my life with this solution .Thanks a lot.

  • I’ve been looking everywhere for this solution! Thanks

  • John D

    Great. I’m glad it helped.

    GM

  • Josh

    Thanks for this tip – this is the only page I’ve found with this info! Very useful for people like me who are trying to use wordpress custom fields in the footer, sidebar or other area where it is difficult to use wordpress custom fields out of the loop. Thanks, you just saved me hours of hair pulling!

  • Many thanks! This advice helped me very.

  • admin

    I don’t think it slows down WP at all, there is nothing to process, only display..

  • Thanks, exactly what I needed!

    I’m curious why this isn’t added to globals by default. Does it slow down wordpress even more?